Eat sensiblyShreya Goel34, Dietician, ChandigarhDietician Shreya Goel runs a chain of family clinics in Delhi, Chandigarh, Panchkula, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala and Ambala. With over 10 years of experience, Goel’s weight loss programmes have provided succour to many who fight with obesity.Age no Bar Even ten years ago, Goel did have,Eat sensiblyShreya Goel34, Dietician, ChandigarhDietician Shreya Goel runs a chain of family clinics in Delhi, Chandigarh, Panchkula, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Patiala and Ambala. With over 10 years of experience, Goel’s weight loss programmes have provided succour to many who fight with obesity.Age no Bar Even ten years ago, Goel did have people in their 20s and 30s frequenting her clinic. “But what is alarming now is that children as young as two are falling prey to obesity. This could prove fatal later on. In their adolescence, they become victims of diabetes, high cholesterol, fatty liver and heart disease, which usually people in their late 40s are prone to,” says Goel.Blame it On The dietician says that obesity is the root cause for all heart disease, diabetes and stress. “Most of my young visitors are between the ages of 15-25. Diabetes and stress, which were earlier seen only in the late 40s, have now affected even school going children,” she says.Unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle are the major reasons that make the youth susceptible to lifestyle diseases.”These include high cholesterol, hypothyroidism, diabetes, cardiac ailments and high uric acid, to name just a few. These, if not cured on time can prove to be fatal,” she says. Fitness Mantra This dietician starts her morning with ginger-turmeric tea- the golden drink to boost her metabolism. “After that I have fruits and then go for a walk and do some stretching exercises. I never skip a meal,” she says.advertisementContact [email protected] Stick to a balanced diet, consume food in the right proportion at the right time.2. High-fibre, low-fat, high protein along with vitamins and mineral rich diet is the key to good health.3. Regular walks with stretching exercises is the best combination for youngsters.Caring for your bonesDr Manpal Singh Narula45, Orthopaedic, Ivy, Mohali and Apollo Clinic ChandigarhDr. Narula, who specialises in knee and joint replacement, has 18 years of experience in his field and says that changing lifestyles have contributed tremendously to an increase in number of people consulting him. Moreover, the younger lot is also falling prey to knee, back and neck ailments.Pressure Game Narula points that this trend has a lot to do with the changing lifestyle as most children prefer video games to outdoor activity. He adds that low nutrition is playing havoc with bones. “Even osteoporosis that was earlier seen in the age group of 50s is now being commonly found among people in their early 40s,” he says.Nail the Cause Dr Narula says that a rising number of adolescents complain of neck and back problems owing to their heavy school bags, wrong posture, long sitting hours and gadget dependence. “Childhood obesity and lack of physical activity eventually lead to knee problems,” he adds.Pump the Iron The doctor, who is also a certified fitness consultant, believes that young people must make it a point to hit the gym. Talking about his fitness mantra, he says, “I exercise in the gym for about two hours-a mix of weight training and cardio. I practice a healthy lifestyle. My dinner is low on carbohydrates and high on protein with plenty of fluids.”Contact [email protected] Spend time outside to get your dose of Vitamin D.2. Play an outdoor game or do some physical exercise daily.3. Include green vegetables and milk products in your diet.4. Keep your table level higher compared to your chair and keep your book against the wall. Always ensure you work at your eye levelThe peace withinAashish Shukla, 40, Yoga Instructor, ChandigarhWith awareness about mental health, an increasing number of people are taking to yoga and treating it as a holistic workout. Shukla, who has been teaching yoga for a decade, says that the trend has to do with increased awareness among youngsters who wish to live a stress-free life in a competitive environment.Why Yoga Celebrities who endorse yoga also play a major role in influencing people to join yoga classes. Shukla trains a lot of school and college students besides young corporates. “The academic pressure in schools and present-day job environments cause a lot of stress,” he adds.Busting Myths Stressing that it is important to understand that yoga is beneficial in managing diseases and not really ‘curing’ them, Shukla says it is unwise to ignore serious ailments and depend only on yoga.”Moreover, a combination of asanas usually give the best results,” he says.One Cure For those who are looking for a lean body, lowering stress levels and an increased level of consciousness yoga is the answer. Shukla advises that yoga should be done only under expert guidance “It also ensures that you are disciplined in your practice,” he says.advertisementContact [email protected] Practise headstand, Surya Namaskar, Sarvangasana and Supta Vajrasana every day.2. Yoga is best done under expert guidance.3. Yoga is beneficial in managing diseases and not essentially curing them.Mind GamesSimmi Waraich, 49, Psychiatrist, ChandigarhDr. Waraich has noticed a sudden rise in the number of youngsters that are now approaching her for anxiety, stress, depression and substance abuse.Grief of the Young Pre-teens and teenagers want to see her for school-related problems such as bullying, exam anxiety, depression and even suicidal tendencies. “Many children set high targets for themselves and lack the flexibility to consider alternatives in case their target is not achieved. Many come with extremely low self esteem and confusion about their careers,” she says. Noticing that a majority of patients in the 18 to 25 age group reach out for expert psychiatric help owing to adjustment disorders, relationship problems, besides substance abuse, the doctor adds, “Cannabis, alcohol and heroin addiction are turning out to be a major problem among people in this age group. It is paramount that parents get them to see psychiatrists as soon as possible,” she says.Who is to be Blamed? In her opinion, a big reason for younger people contracting psychiatric illness is the fact that many parents are unable to give enough time to their children and the nuclear family structure means that children are left to fend for themselves. Warraich adds, “Single children who often have most of their wishes fulfilled, but not given adequate time, are leading to a generation where many crash when they have to face problems alone.”Contact [email protected] Balance academics and physical activities. One hour of compulsory walking and two-three hours of internet-free time is a must.2. Practising mindfulness is paramount. It is important that youngsters are acquainted with the need to identify their strengths and weaknesses.3. Instead of just pointing out their mistakes, focusing on positive aspects of children goes a long way in boosting their confidence. Positive criticism is important, but so is consistent encouragement.Back to the rootsDr Vivek Ahuja35, Ayurvedic Specialist, Zirakpur, PunjabIn the past five years, Dr Ahuja has seen a lot of youngsters consulting him for migraine, joint disorders, psychiatric counselling and gynecological issues. The doctor says that this disturbing trend can be attributed to the fact that the young often take their bodies and minds for granted. “Their diets are not like that of their parents, and neither is their ability to counter stress as developed.”Mind your HabitsDr Ahuja says that diseases have a direct relation with what we eat (aahara), what we do (vyavhara) and the environment we live in (ritu viparaya). It is the changing habits that are to be held responsible, says Dr Ahuja, “These include over indulgence of food, deterioration of environment due to pollution and migration from place to place, intake of unseasonal food combined with erratic sleep patterns.” According to him, the lack of availability of constituents (minerals) because of change in use of cooking utensils, over dependence on chemical fertilisers in fields, adulteration and addition of synthetic preservatives also adds to the risk of developing lifestyle diseases.advertisementThe Right ShapeThe doctor says that he rises at dawn and drinks about 1.5 litres of water first thing in the morning to balance his doshas. “Post that, I practise Neti Yog (cleanse my nasal passages with Sutra and Water), which helps my respiratory organs to prevent intake of toxins during the day. Yoga comes next.”Contact [email protected] Snehana (oil massage) and Swedana (steam) provide lubrication to the body and also help in relaxing muscles.2. There are detoxification therapies like Panchkarma – Vamana (Emesis), Virechana (Purgation), Vasti (Medicated enema), Nasya (Nasal Cleansing), and Raktmokshana (Bloodletting/Jaloka or leech therapy).3. Ayurvedic diet is suggested to be followed after detoxification of the body, which includes starting from liquid diet, gruel to semi-solid and finally to solid food.Style over substanceVikram Kapoor, 38, Fitness Architect, ChandigarhA fitness trainer for the past 14 years, who has also trained Olympic gold medalist shooter Abhinav Bindra in 2006, Kapoor’s firm also manages corporate and university gyms.Trending Now In the past five years,Kapoor has seen a rise in the number of youngsters approaching him for aesthetics rather than fitness. Many come with photographs of actors as references, demanding the lean and muscular look. Kapoor recalls that a decade back, very few young people would approach him for personal training. “More than 50 per cent of my clients are now between the age group of 18 and 20,” he says. Personal training has become big now thanks to disposable income.Target Group According to Kapoor, unfit people outnumber the the overweight clients.”People are aware that they need to lose weight which they also manage to do by crash dieting and reducing their protein intake thereby damaging their bodies further. But they are unaware that losing weight is only one part, getting fit and retaining those losses is the other,” he says. The trainer also says that parents and schools are responsible for not inculcating the culture of fitness.”Frankly, as a society, fitness and sports have never been on our priority list,” he says.The Protein Powder According to Kapoor, a balanced diet and a sound workout programme are must to get a good body, rather than depending on protein powders.My Secret Kapoor follows a routine of weight training, which includes exercises like bench presses, squats and deadlifts. He combines weight training, functional and core training, cardio and stretching.Contact [email protected] Don’t follow crash diets or avoid proteins to lose weight. Hit the gym.2. A balanced diet and sound workout plan is good enough, you don’t need protein powders.3. Incorporate strength exercises in your work-out regime.Skin deepDr Vivek Malhotra43, Dermatologist & Cosmetic Dermatologist, Beau Visage Skin Clinic, ChandigarhWith 16 years of experience, Dr Malhotra says that the skin can only look healthy if the body is healthy from within. So, he advises a ban on colas and junk food. “Besides eating soaked nuts in the morning, it is essential to have a balanced diet full of salads and fruits,” he adds.Young Crowd The doctor informs that there has been a surge in young patients consulting for problems including male pattern baldness to herpes zoster. “Herpes zoster (Shingles) was long considered the domain of the elderly. In females, the incidence of hormonal disturbances has increased and 11-12 year-old-girls are suffering from severe acne, hirsutism (unwanted facial hair growth), chronic hair loss,” he adds.Changing Times Dr Malhotra adds that genetic changes over time have led to the shift in the age group of patients suffering from chronic diseases. “Now that youngsters start earning early, they are ready to spend on things like improving their appearances. So people in their late 20s and early 30s are coming in for treatments like fillers, botox and lasers,” tells Dr Malhotra.Contact [email protected] Adequate and sound sleep of 6-8 hours is a must for our overall health, including healthy skin.2. Drink 6-8 glasses of water every day, while fresh juices, seasonal fruits, salads, etc should be made an integral part of our routine diet.3. Try to get your nutrition from natural sources rather than from supplements.Matters of the heartDr Arun K. Chopra50, Director, Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, AmritsarMaintaining a healthy heart seems to be the need of the hour, according to Dr Chopra.With over 25 years experience in the industry, the doctor informs that the number of old as well as young people needing angiography, angioplasty or bypass surgery is consistently on the rise. Blame it on Stress The usual culprits – an unhealthy lifestyle, lack of exercise, junk food, and odd sleeping hours are making more youngsters approach heart specialists, Dr Chopra says.”Whenever anyone hears of a cardiac arrest, people in the similar age group or risk profile want to undergo a check-up. This awareness helps in averting further damage.”The Mathematics Refuting what many health magazines and television programmes seem to suggest, the doctor clarifies, “The number of patients visiting our hospital for consultation has been rising, and this includes people both past 40 and younger. The number of young people with heart attacks or chest pain is definitely rising, but so is the number of older people suffering from heart disease,” he says.Keep your Heart Beating Dr Chopra suggests a series of measures including relatively regular sleep hours, a good nutritious diet, avoiding smoking and excess alcohol or other intoxicants, and regular exercise. “Attention should be paid to maintaining an ideal body weight, and ascertaining optimum blood pressure, blood sugar and serum cholesterol levels. Regular tests should be a practice after crossing the age of 30,” he says.Tips1. Important to have a nutritious diet, regular sleep hours and avoid smoking and excess alcohol.2. Ascertain optimum blood pressure, blood sugar and serum cholesterol levels by getting tests done regularly after crossing 30.3. Seek medical attention if you feel shortness of breath or chest pain.