Researchers determine physical conditions of two exoplanets in Kepler36 system

first_img Explore further © 2016 An artist’s conception shows Kepler-36c as it might look from the surface of neighboring Kepler-36b. Credits: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics/David Aguilar. Based on the available data from NASA’s Kepler exoplanet-hunting spacecraft, James Owen from the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and Timothy Mortom of the Princeton University were looking for information that would be helpful in determining initial physical conditions of both planets. They performed hydrodynamic calculations to obtain a detailed evaporation model constraining the possible “birth” composition of this system. The model shows direct connection between the system’s present-day observed properties and formation theories like present-day mass and radius as a function of core-mass, core composition, initial envelope-mass fraction, and initial cooling time.”We calculate the evolution of each planet independently, including evaporation and bolometric irradiation by the central star. As we evaluate this evolution on grids of initial physical conditions, we are able to use the inferred posterior distribution of the planets’ present-day properties calculated from the transit timing variations to constrain these initial conditions,” the researchers wrote in the paper.They found out that Kepler-36b has an evaporatively stripped core, while Kepler-36c has retained some of its initial envelope due to its higher core mass and that both exoworlds could have had a similar formation pathway. With the core-mass of about 4.4 Earth masses, the inner planet has an initial envelope-mass fraction of less than 10 percent. The outer planet’s envelope-mass fraction is estimated to be between 15 and 30 percent and its core mass is approximately 7.3 times the mass of the Earth.Overall, the model used by Owen and Mortom allows scientists to uncover important information about exoplanet structure shortly after formation. “A well described birth envelope-mass, core-mass relation along with any intrinsic scatter would provide a strong constraint for any planet formation model,” the paper reads.The researchers also discovered that Kepler-36c had a long initial cooling-time, lasting more than 30 million years. This finding points to a dramatic cooling process that took place early in the planet’s life. According to the scientists, such a lengthy process could be also caused by inefficient heat transport, possibly occurring after giant impacts.What puzzles the researchers is that although the two planets are very close to each other, there is a significant disparity in densities of these celestial bodies. They suspect that some process must have occurred in order to produce such a system after six billion years of evolution.The findings suggest that planets with larger core masses accrete a larger initial envelope, which is not unexpected theoretically. The scientists hope that with a reasonable sample of well constrained planet masses and radii, it would able to infer the birth envelope-mass/core-mass relation and to provide crucial insights into the evolution process of extrasolar planets.”The observations necessary to begin this exploration has already been provided by Kepler, and the upcoming TESS (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite) mission promises to deliver an even larger, possibly age-dependent sample,” they concluded. More information: The initial physical conditions of Kepler-36 b & c, arXiv:1511.07385 [astro-ph.EP] Kepler planetary system consists of two exoplanets at similar separations (0.115 & 0.128 AU), which have dramatically different densities. The inner planet has a density consistent with an Earth-like composition, while the outer planet is extremely low-density, such that it must contain a voluminous H/He envelope. Such a density difference would pose a problem for any formation mechanism if their current densities were representative of their composition at formation. However, both planets are at close enough separations to have undergone significant evaporation in the past. We constrain the core-mass, core composition, initial envelope-mass, and initial cooling-time of each planet using evaporation models conditioned on their present-day masses and radii, as inferred from Kepler photometry and transit timing analysis. The inner planet is consistent with being an evaporatively stripped core, while the outer planet has retained some of its initial envelope due to its higher core-mass. Therefore, both planets could have had a similar formation pathway, with the inner planet having an initial envelope-mass fraction of ≲10% and core-mass of ∼4.4 M⊕, while the outer had an initial envelope-mass fraction of order 15-30% and core-mass ∼7.3 M⊕. Finally, our results indicate that the outer planet had a long (≳30 Myr) initial cooling-time, much longer than would naively be predicted from simple timescale arguments. The long initial cooling-time could be evidence for a dramatic early cooling episode such as the recently proposed “boil-off” process. Measuring the mass of a Mars-size exoplanet Citation: Researchers determine physical conditions of two exoplanets in Kepler-36 system (2016, February 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from (—Located about 1,530 light years from the Earth in the constellation of Cygnus, Kepler-36 is a sun-like star orbited by two known alien worlds. The inner planet, designated Kepler-36b is a so-called “super-Earth,” as it is larger than our home planet but smaller than Neptune; the larger Kepler-36c, resembling the solar system’s outermost planet, is described as a “mini-Neptune.” What is unusual about this planetary system is that these two exoworlds have very close orbits, separated only by 0.013 astronomical units (AU)—five times the Earth-moon distance. In a new research paper published online on Feb. 9, Princeton scientists are trying to determine physical conditions and understand the evolution process of this curious, distant system. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Science Says There Is Such a Thing as Too Little Procrastination and

first_img… There are a million and one articles out there about how to stop procrastinating. This column isn’t one of them. This column is here to tell you that this is such a thing as procrastinating too little.  If that seems like utter nonsense to you, fear not. It was complete gibberish to me too when I first came across the science of something called “precrastination,” but the research on the subject turns out to be pretty clear. We can make ourselves less productive by rushing to do tasks, just as much as by putting them off. Here’s how. center_img You probably shouldn’t have, according to a now classic 2014 experiment by Pennsylvania State University psychologist David Rosenbaum. For his study Rosenbaum asked students to pick up a bucket and carry it down a hallway, specifically asking them to do the task in the easiest way possible. That sounds simple enough, but here’s the twist: the students could choose to either grab one bucket that was halfway down the hallway or another that was just a short distance from the end.  Read the whole story: Inc.last_img read more

Delhi put on your party shoes

first_imgComing to the Capital this weekend is All Starr Jamm, organised by Bestseller India along with contemporary artists like Rabbi Shergill, Shantanu Pandit, Talia Bentson and Samara Chopra to enthrall the city.‘After the grand success in Mumbai and Bangalore since its inception in May, 2012, Delhi edition will be a platform to provide young voices of the country and artists to carry out the best in them that links them up with our brand’s young and voguish target audience, said Vineet Gautam- Head, BESTSELLER India. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’‘The idea behind the All Star Jamm is to connect with the youth of the country who are the driving force of the progressive cultural wave in India,’ he added.Come witness the night of fashion and music coming together to fuse both creativity and glamour and get enticed. We think this one is going to be your perfect get away this weekend.Where: DLF Place Mall, Saket When: 13 DecemberTimings: 9 pm onwardslast_img read more

Pakistani family sentenced to death over honour killing

first_imgFour relatives of a pregnant woman who bludgeoned her to death outside one of Pakistan’s top courts were sentenced to death on Wednesday for the crime, their defence lawyer said. The 25-year-old’s family attacked her because they objected to her marriage. Farzana Iqbal’s murder in May this year briefly focused attention on Pakistan’s epidemic of violence against women. Her father, brother, cousin, and another relative were all sentenced to death and a $1,000 fine, said defence lawyer Mansoor Afridi. Another cousin was sentenced to 10 years in prison and also fined $1,000.last_img

Man arrested for sexually assaulting minor in Bally

first_imgKolkata: A middle-aged man was arrested on charges of sexually harassing a minor at Bally in Howrah on Thursday late night.Police said it was on Thursday night when the man promised the girl of giving a toffee and took her to a deserted place. The man sexually harassed the girl. The victim somehow managed to flee the place and returned to her house in a traumatised state.She broke into tears when her parents enquired if anything had gone wrong. Later she revealed it to her parents, who lodged a complaint with the police. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsLocals also started agitating against the incident and police reached the spot soon after receiving the complaint and brought the situation under control. They demanded immediate arrest of the man.Locals did not allow the man to escape from the area and handed him over to the police when they reached the spot. Police have also visited the deserted place where the arrested man had taken the victim.Police initiated a probe in this connection. They have taken the statement of the victim’s parents. Police have also spoken to the locals to know whether they was anything suspicious in the behaviour of the arrested person. They are taking necessary steps to ensure that such incidents donot take place in the area again.last_img read more

Pick perfumes to suit your personality

first_imgFinding the perfect fragrance can be a tough nut to crack! Choose a perfume from family of six fragrance groups —  fresh, floral, oriental, woods, fougère and chypre, that blends with your personality, say experts. Keep the following points in mind while choosing a perfume: Scents you like: Take a stock of the fragrances you like. It can be the smell of a particular flower or fruit or maybe of rain and wet earth or sandalwood. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’ Once you decide the smell you like the most, it will be easier for you to find the perfume with similar notes. Person you are buying the perfume for: Buy a perfume according to the personality of the person you are buying it for as perfumes and personality traits go hand-in-hand.For your mother, pick up something with notes of vanilla and white musk which will echo her confidence making her smell remarkably radiant.  Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixGift a perfume with notes of rose and blackcurrant to that flirty friend of yours that bring out her playfulness with elegance and grace.Choose perfumes with notes of cardamom, lavender and cinnamon for your rockstar father who is an icon to you.Shower your love on a free spirited vivacious man with fragrances that have notes of lemon, cedar, oak moss and mandarin. Best for your skin type: Always spray it on your skin to see if the fragrance works well for you. Also consider the type of skin you have before wearing a perfume. On dry skin, the fragrance will dissipate faster. For a long lasting effect, remember to moisturise your skin as the fragrance will blend in with the moisturised skin ensuring long lasting fragrance. Wearing the fragrance: Perfumes tend to react with fluctuating body temperature throughout the day and emit scent accordingly. To maximise the smell of your perfume, apply it on your pulse points. Wear the perfume on wrist, inside your elbows, the nape of your neck, on your cleavage and even behind the knees. A light mist of fragrance through the hair can also be applied for a long lasting effect.last_img read more

A tribute to the Mahanayak

first_imgUttam Kumar, a popular matinee idol, actor extraordinaire and the first megastar of Bengali film industry has left an indelible mark in the history of the Bengali film industry, especially the period which is regarded by critics as its ‘golden age’. To pay tribute to the legendary actor, fondly called Mahanayak, or the Great Hero, the Government of West Bengal organized a retrospective of his films at Muktadhara Auditorium on Friday.The festival was inaugurated by Atanu Purkayastha, Additional Chief Secretary, Government of West Bengal and RD Meena, Principal Resident Commissioner, Government of West Bengal. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The two films screened at the retrospective were Jhinder Bondi (1961), a classic tale of royalty, power and greed directed by Dadasaheb Phalke Awardee filmmaker Tapan Sinha and Nayak (1966), one of the most powerful works of movie maestro Satyajit Ray which deals with the life of a film star, delving into his innermost secrets and bringing out the man behind the façade of a matinee idol.The West Bengal Information and Cultural Centre, under the Office of the Resident Commissioner, West Bengal, regularly holds special screening of critically acclaimed movies for the connoisseurs of the national capital.last_img read more

Delhi most expensive Indian city for expatriates Survey

first_imgNew Delhi is India’s most expensive city for expatriates but was ranked in the 174th place in the global list, according to findings of the latest ‘Cost of Living’ survey by ECA International.Despite prices rising at a much slower pace than a year ago, Indian locations have climbed up the list of most expensive locations for expatriates. New Delhi has moved up 6 spots in the regional ranking to 41st place. Globally, it is now 174th most expensive location for expatriates, up from 208th last year. Also Read – Man arrested for making hoax call at IGI airportMumbai, 48th regionally, ranks 197th in the global list up from 225th place. “Over the year we’ve seen the price of items in ECA’s shopping basket for India rise more slowly than the year before, particularly food and motoring,” ECA International Regional Director Asia Lee Quane said, adding that “however, during the same period the rupee strengthened against a number of other major currencies and this has pushed up costs for expatriates.” Other Indian cities in the list include Pune with a regional rank of 51 and global rank of 209, Chennai (regional rank 52, global rank 214), Bengaluru (regional rank 54, global rank 220), Kolkata (regional rank of 55, global rank 226) and Hyderabad (regional rank 56 and global rank 227). Also Read – Disqualified AAP MLA Kapil Mishra, women’s wing chief join BJPMeanwhile, Shanghai has become Asia Pacific’s most expensive location for expatriates for the first time. It was ranked 8th globally followed by Beijing (9th globally) and Seoul (10th globally). Globally, the South Sudan city of Juba is the world’s most expensive location for expatriates, followed by Luanda and Zurich.To ensure that an employee’s spending power is maintained when they are sent on international assignment, a cost of living allowance is often provided as part of the pay package.last_img read more

British national with satellite phone detained at airport

first_imgKolkata: A British national was detained by the Central Industrial Security Force at Kolkata Airport on Thursday for carrying a satellite phone.He was later handed over to the police. The officers at NSCBI Police Station seized the satellite phone.Around 3.30 pm on Thursday, the 33-year-old British national, Prior Mathew, was detained at the airport after the CISF personnel found a satellite phone in his handbag. It was found during the pre-embarkation security check through X-BIS machine in the Security Hold Area at the airport. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeSub-inspector Ved Prakash of CISF detected the satellite phone from Mathew’s handbag. He was supposed to travel from Kolkata to Delhi by an Air India flight. He was scheduled to take a connecting flight to Hong Kong from Delhi.According to police sources, the satellite phone was seized as its use is ban in India. He was allowed to go following discussions over the matter with the British Consulate in Kolkata.All documents related to the satellite phone have to be produced before the police. They are looking into the legal provisions in this connection and would further speak to Mathew to get details about the satellite phone that was found in his possession. It may be mentioned that the CISF personnel maintain strict vigil at the airport and have taken Mathew to the police immediately after the satellite phone was found.last_img read more

Hope Hindu fringe elements are checked Mehbooba

first_imgClaiming that Bihar election results have done a “great job” in answering communal elements, PDP President Mehbooba Mufti on Saturday hoped that “fringe elements” acting in the name of Hinduism will be checked, drawing comparison with elements of ISIS who misuse Islam.She also made it clear that the PDP-BJP alliance in the state was mainly aimed at taking the peace initiatives of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in resolving the Kashmir issue to its logical conclusion.“In our country tolerance is the strength and if we don’t stop these so-called fringe elements… What is happening in Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq… because those are also fringe elements who are misusing the name of Islam.last_img

Fatty diet can trigger excessive daytime sleepiness in youth

first_imgDo you feel sleepy during daytime at work? Blame it on your love for oily samosas and cheese-laden pizzas — not to forget a poor night’s sleep —for this.According to a study, men who consume diets high in fat and sleep less during night time are more likely to feel sleepy during the day.“After adjusting for other demographic and lifestyle factors and chronic diseases, we found that those who consumed the highest fat intake were more likely to experience excessive daytime sleepiness,” said lead author Yingting Cao, doctoral student at University of Adelaide in Australia. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Higher consumption of food items rich in fat was also strongly associated with sleep apnea, a sleep disorder. “Poor sleep and feeling sleepy during the day means you have less energy, but this, in turn, is known to increase people’s cravings for high-fat, high-carbohydrate foods associated with poor sleep outcomes. So the poor diet-and-sleep pattern can become a vicious cycle,” Cao explained in the paper published in the journal Nutrients.Daytime sleepiness may have significant implications for alertness and concentration, the researchers warned, adding that people need to pay more attention to eat better and have a good sleep.“We hope our work could help to inform future intervention studies, enabling people to achieve healthy weight loss while also improving their quality of sleep,” Cao added.About 54 per cent had mild-to-moderate sleep apnea, and 25 per cent had moderate-to-severe sleep apnea.last_img read more

Manohar steps down as BCCI prez Thakur may get top job

first_imgManohar leaves at a time when the board is being directed to comply with the Supreme Court-appointed Justice Lodha panel’s reform recommendations.In a letter addressed to Thakur, Manohar said, “I hereby tender my resignation with immediate effect from the post of President of Board of Control for Cricket in India. I also resign with immediate effect as the representative of BCCI on the International Cricket Council, as also the Asian Cricket Council on which I was nominated by the General Body of BCCI. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’I thank all my colleagues and the staff for their support and cooperation during my tenure. I wish all of you all the very best in taking the cause of Cricket to greater heights.”According to reliable sources, BCCI secretary Anurag Thakur is being tipped to take over the hot seat. IPL chairman Rajeev Shukla is also in the running along with Maharashtra CA president and business magnet Ajay Shirke.As per BCCI rules, a Special General Meeting (SGM) has to be convened within 15 days, apprising the members of the current situation. It is the prerogative of secretary Thakur to call such a meeting. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixAs per norms, Manohar has also resigned from ICC chairman’s post as he was a BCCI representative at the apex body and resignation in country’s board effectively means that he does not stay as ICC’s chairman. His tenure was supposed to end in June, 2016, after which he was set to take over as the first independent chairman of ICC.The 58-year-old Manohar will not be a representative of any country’s cricket board as per the changes recommended by ICC board and will need two independent members of the ICC Board to recommend his name.According to BCCI sources, Manohar was waiting for the Supreme Court’s final verdict but since it will only come out after the apex court opens post summer vacation, the Vidarbha lawyer possibly did not want to wait.last_img read more

Dilli Haat hosts Womens Reservation Bill

first_imgThe speakers included Dr Ranjana Kumari (Director of Centre for Social Research), Dr Jyotsna Chatterji (Director JWP) and Dr Chandra Rajan, (Advocate Supreme court).Several prominent women’s groups celebrated ‘Mahila Aarakshan Diwas’ at Dilli Haat on September 14 and reaffirmed their commitment to the passage of women’s reservation bill in parliament which will allow more women to serve their country at the highest level and guarantees a minimum of 33 per cent representation to women in all political parties.  Also Read – Add new books to your shelfEven a sudden downpour did not dampen the spirit of the participants. Speaking in the rain, Dr Ranjana Kumari, iconic Director of Centre for Social Research said that the fight for passage of the bill would continue. She stated that the current government, being in a majority in the Lok Sabha was in a well-placed position to pass the Bill and fulfill their pre election promise about women’s welfare and more female participation at the highest levels. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveDr Jyotsna Chatterji, Director JWP, and a respected senior leader of the movement said it was the democratic and constitutional right of women to rule. Dr Chandra Rajan, advocate at Supreme Court said that it was necessary to include women in high-level democratic processes as this would build a safe and progressive society.The Justice Seekers group felt that a huge new talent pool would come into the parliament and decrease dependence on criminals in polity.Several citizens attended the grand event including Asha Singh, Nirbhaya Jyoti’s mother, Ladkumari ji and members of organisations such as JWP, CSR, VIVAT, WPC, CBCI, AIWC AIDMAM, YWCA, Justice Seekers, Nirbhaya Jyoti Foundation, Conference of religious India, Pink and Blue Foundation among many others.last_img read more

Swarojgar Corporation looks to uplift devp boards in Darjeeling

first_imgKolkata: West Bengal Swarojgar Corporation Ltd (WBSCL) is taking steps for the upliftment of various development boards in Darjeeling, by offering training to unemployed youths so that they become self-reliant.The decision was taken after a recent visit to Darjeeling by the standing committee of the state Assembly, which is associated with the state Self-Help Group & Self Employment (SHG & SE) department. The team was accompanied by senior officials from WBSCL. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life”We have asked for request proposals from the district magistrate on what sort of training we can impart to unemployed youths and at the same time, what infrastructural assistance can be given for development of the various self-help groups working in the district,” a senior official of WBSCL said. The standing committee, led by its chairman MLA Sabina Yasmin, also held a meeting with the District Magistrate and other senior district officials to review the progress of work of the SHG & SE department. The team also interacted with a number of beneficiaries of the Swami Vivekananda Swanirbhar Karmasansthan Prakalpa (SVSKP). Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedIt may be mentioned that WBSCL has identified certain aspects of training suited to the people of Darjeeling that include floriculture, mushroom cultivation, tailoring, vermin-compost production, goat farming, etc. “We have set a target of specialised training for 30 women from each of the nine blocks in Darjeeling in the first phase,” a senior official of WBSCL said. The WBSCL will develop infrastructure like polyhouse, shed net, poultry shed, etc. to encourage agricultural activities. It may be mentioned that from August 2014, the state government, with a view to promote sustainable entrepreneurship and generate employment, had started setting up ‘Karmatirtha’ — a one-stop shop allowing entrepreneurs to market their products directly to buyers. The state government provides requisite infrastructural support including training and finance, allowing individuals, self-help groups, cooperative enterprises, artisans and weavers to avail the benefits of the scheme.last_img read more

Honouring the sarod legend

first_imgThe prestigious ‘Sumitra Charat Ram Award for Life Time Achievement (2018)’ was presented to Ustad Amjad Ali Khan on November 17 at Kamani Auditorium.Sumitra Charat Ram (1914-2011) founded the Bharatiya Kala Kendra in 1952, a college of music and dance where legendary masters of Hindustani Music and Kathak Dance came to be associated as Gurus. It was later renamed as the Shriram Bharatiya Kala Kendra. As its founder, she guided the institute with great zeal and passion, which made the Kendra the focal point for dancers and musicians in the capital, a role that it continues to play even today. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFor her immense contribution to the promotion of classical Indian arts and culture, Sumitra was conferred the honour of Padma Shree by the then President of India in 1966. She passed away in 2011 and in honour of her memory the Kendra Management Instituted an Award, which is conferred annually on eminent Artists for their Lifetime Achievement in the field of Indian Classical Dance and Music. Shobha Deepak Singh, Director and Vice Chairperson, Shriram Bharatiya Kala Kendra said, “For me personally Amjad Ali Khan has been a guru, brother and fellow traveller in my journey in the world of performing arts. We have been a performer and showstopper at the music festival. We are proud to confer on him the prestigious Sumitra Charat Ram Award.” Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe first award was conferred on Pandit Birju Maharaj in 2011 and in the subsequent years, the award has been given to Kishori Amonkar, Mayadhar Raut, Kumudini Lakhia, Pandit Jasraj, Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia and Girija Devi. This year’s award was conferred on Ustad Amjad Ali Khan, the renowned maestro of Hindustani Classical Music. He is one of the few great masters of Music, who became a legend in his own life time. His name is synonymous with Sarod. Ustad ji represents the sixth generation of a family of distinguished Sarod players. He has taken his art to every nook and corner of the world during the last fifty years, winning a large following for himself and for Indian classical music. He is equally respected by the pundits of music as he is popular with the youth and the lay audiences in India. He has received numerous honours and awards including the Padma Vibhushan from the Government of India and the Fellowship of the Sangeet Natak Akademi. Among a string of international honours he received, mentioned may be made of the Crystal Award, Unicef’s National Ambassadorship, Fukuoka Cultural grand prize, the coveted Global Music Award and a Grammy nomination.last_img read more

TMC leader shot dead in Nimta

first_imgKolkata: A Trinamool Congress leader was reportedly shot dead by two unknown miscreants on Tuesday evening at Patna Thakurtala area in Nimta. The deceased, identified as Nirmal Kundu, was the president of ward number 6 in North Dum Dum Municipality.According to local residents, Kundu was talking with his neighbours near his house on Tuesday evening. At around 6:30 pm, two bike riders came there and suddenly fired two shots at Kundu. Before anybody could react, the miscreants fled the scene. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataKundu was rushed to a private hospital near Belgharia, where the attending doctor declared him brought dead. Sources informed that Kundu was hit on his head. Local Trinamool leaders alleged that BJP-backed miscreants have killed Kundu. According to sources, since their victory in Lok Sabha Elections, BJP has been trying to create terror in the area. As Kundu had played an active role during the election, he was allegedly targeted by the saffron party. However, BJP has denied the allegation. After police from Nimta police station arrived at the spot for investigation, local residents got agitated and demanded immediate arrest of the killers. Later, the agitation was withdrawn following intervention of Trinamool leaders after getting assurance from the police administration. None has been arrested till Tuesday night.last_img read more

Working out at home as effective as gyming

first_imgIf you are not finding time to hit the gym, do not worry. Researchers have found that working out at home not only saves your time, cost and access but also increases adherence. A recently published study investigated a home-based high-intensity interval training (Home-HIT) programme and studied its benefits for clinically obese individuals with an elevated risk of heart disease. The research team were interested in whether Home-HIT is a time-efficient strategy that helps to reduce other common exercise barriers such as difficulty with access to exercise facilities due to travel time and cost. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”An exercise regimen such as Home-HIT that reduces barriers to exercise such as time, cost, and access, and increases adherence in previously inactive individuals gives people a more attainable exercise goal and thus could help improve the health of countless individuals,” said the study author. For the study, 32 obese people completed a 12-week exercise programme. A range of health markers were measured in these participants, including body composition, cardiovascular disease risk and the ability to regulate glucose. They were categorised in three groups – those who did supervised, lab-based cycling HIT programme; those who did UK government-recommended 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise; and those who did home-based HIT programme of simple body weight exercises suitable for people with low fitness and low mobility and performed without equipment. The researchers found that home-based HIT was as effective as both the government-recommended 150-minute exercise and the supervised, lab-based HIT programme for improving fitness in obese individuals.last_img read more

Golden Girl Bea Arthur was one of the First Female Marines to

first_imgBea Arthur, star of Broadway and screen, is most belovedly remembered for her role as Dorothy Zbornak in The Golden Girls television series. Among the numerous trivia regarding the four Golden Girls, there is one intriguing fact that presented Bea in another role, this time in real life.Before she reached Broadway stardom and captured the hearts of audiences across the generations, Bea was one of the first female U.S. Marines who participated in WWII.The Golden Girls. Photo by Getty ImagesAccording to the historical records presented by the National WWII Museum of New Orleans, obtained from the National Archives through the National Personnel Records Center at St. Louis, young Bea Arthur enlisted on February 18, 1943, several days after the Marine Corps launched a call for women recruitment in America.The idea of recruiting a female group of reservists was introduced due to the number of casualties. Consequently, male Marines were able to join combat units and continue their mission.United States Marine Corps identification card photo, 1943.Though these women were allocated non-combat positions such as drivers, cooks, medical assistants or messengers, by the end of WWII there were more than 20,000 women who were honored as Marines. Among these heroines was 21-year-old Bea Arthur.The media tried to present the female Marines as “cute, brave dolls,” but faced serious rejection of their attempt by Major General Commandant Thomas Holcomb who, in 1944 for Life magazine, firmly declared:“They are Marines. They don’t have a nickname and they don’t need one. . .  They inherit the traditions of Marines. They are Marines.”Bea Arthur as Maude, c.1973.She was born Bernice Frankel on May 13, 1922 in New York City. Her family later moved to Cambridge, Maryland where Bea completed her secondary education.Check out the video for a closer look:After spending one year at Blackstone College in Virginia, where she studied science and eventually became a clinical laboratory technician, Bea returned to her hometown and, for a while, worked as a food analyst at the Phillips Packing Company.Bea ArthurShe wasn’t especially keen on her profession so she decided to move back to the Big Apple and try her luck in other jobs, according to Rare. This is when she encountered the call of the US Marine Corps for their new Women’s Reservists, that said: “Be a Marine… Free a Man to Fight”.Bea ArthurAfter she had been accepted, Marine Arthur first served as a typist at the Marine headquarters in Washington, D.C., but was also assigned to the Navy air stations in Virginia and North Carolina. It was at the US Marine Corps Air Station in Cherry Point, North Carolina where she worked as a truck driver and dispatcher.Bea Arthur in 2005. Photo by Kevin Buckstiegel CC BY-SA 2.0Her contribution to the service was clearly marked by her received honor as Staff Sergeant. Undoubtedly, Bea’s role as a US Marine filled her life with a myriad of unforgettable events that affected her life.In 1947, she returned to NYC and decided to take part in the Dramatic Workshop of the New School for Social Research. Her rapid career success saw her star in 40 theatre plays, six films, and numerous TV shows and series. In 1966 she received the American Theatre Wing’s Tony Award for the Best Featured Actress in the Broadway Musical Mame.Bea Arthur will be also remembered as a two-time Emmy award winner as Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, for the series Maude in 1977 and The Golden Girls in 1988.Read another story from us: The “Bad” from Good, Bad and the Ugly was a WW2 HeroBea refrained from giving comments referring to her Marine past, and this subject was rarely mentioned by the media. She passed away on April 25, 2009 due to cancer.last_img read more

Scientist Bakes Bread Using 4500yrold Yeast from Egyptian Pottery

first_img“Would you eat bread made out of ancient yeast from the Bronze Age? One scientist would. There is virtually no style of eating, no diet fad or culinary trend that goes unnoticed and unwatched by rabid consumers of diet-related content these days. Sometimes these blogs and videos even go viral. But baking bread? That sounds dull by comparison. It’s hardly the kind of food content meant to go viral, right? What could possibly be more boring, you ask? It turns out, quite a lot. Particularly when the man baking the bread is actually a scientist bent more on experimenting with antiquities than turning out one of life’s staples. Seamus Blackley, a video designer and scientist, recently got hold of some ancient yeast and decided to try baking a loaf, and chronicled the whole experience in a very 21st century fashion – he used his Twitter account. Blackley got samples of 4,500 year old yeast, with the help of two experts, and figured out how to help it mutate and become “bake-able” in a very modern loaf of sourdough in his own kitchen.Two weeks ago, with the help of Egyptologist @drserenalove and Microbiologist @rbowman1234, I went to Boston’s MFA and @Harvard’s @peabodymuseum to attempt collecting 4,500 year old yeast from Ancient Egyptian pottery. Today, I baked with some of it…— Seamus Blackley (@SeamusBlackley) August 5, 2019He was aided in his quixotic mission by Dr. Serena Love, an Egyptologist, and Richard Boman, a microbiologist. With their help, Blackley obtained pores from ancient pottery at the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Blackley said recent on his Twitter account, “With the help of (Love and Boman) I went to…the Harvard Peabody Museum to attempt collecting 4,500 year old yeast from ancient Egyptian pottery. Today, I baked some of it. This crazy dough fermented and rose beautifully.”And here is the result. The scoring is the Hieroglyph representing the “T” sound (Gardiner X1) which is a loaf of bread. The aroma is AMAZING and NEW. It’s much sweeter and more rich than the sourdough we are used to. It’s a big difference. After this cools we will taste!— Seamus Blackley (@SeamusBlackley) August 5, 2019Yeast is used in baking all leavened bread, of course; it is essentially an organism found in nature, and even in the human body. Many people keep stashes of yeast to use repeatedly, over time. But 4,500 years? That’s a new one, on bakers and food bloggers alike.The crumb is light and airy, especially for a 100% ancient grain loaf. The aroma and flavor are incredible. I’m emotional. It’s really different, and you can easily tell even if you’re not a bread nerd. This is incredibly exciting, and I’m so amazed that it worked.— Seamus Blackley (@SeamusBlackley) August 5, 2019Blackley couldn’t just use the pores as he found them, naturally; first he had to sterilize them – who know the germs that lurked on organism that old? Then he added some “regular” yeast, and some grains, water and unfiltered olive oil. Soon he had what one could call ancient bread for a modern meal. For good measure, Blackley carved a hieroglyphic symbol – the one for bread – on top of the loaf before popping it into the oven.Related Video:The denouement of his experiment, he said, was fantastic. “The aroma of this yeast is unlike anything I’ve experienced,” he raved on Twitter. “The aroma is amazing and new. It’s much sweeter and more rich than the sourdough we are used to. It’s a big difference.”Today I kept practicing with the grain and microbe combination. This will be the last test we show before we head back to the bio lab, and before we start using proper Ancient Egyptian baking techniques. The Hieroglyphs are “Di” and “Ankh” meaning “Given Life.”— Seamus Blackley (@SeamusBlackley) August 11, 2019The big question is, of course, how did the bread taste? On Twitter, Blackley teased, “Samples go to Boman for rigorous analysis, but I was naughty and kept one!” (Perhaps only a scientist could perceive keeping a slice for himself as naughty.) He tried it, then enthused, “The crumb is light and airy, especially for a 100 percent ancient grain loaf. The aroma and flavour are incredible. I”m emotional,” he confessed on Twitter.Related Article: Archaeologists Discover 14,400 Year-Old Bread in JordanTo those outside the sciences, the obvious question to Blackley is perhaps, “why bother?” But in his world, and in the world of historians, the differences between past and present, and the ability to bridge those differences and bring the past to the present, is cause for unalloyed joy. Who are we to deny a self-described “bread nerd” like Blackley his fun? And more importantly, his science.Anyone interested in Blackley’s baking project can check out his Twitter feed @Seamus Blackley.last_img read more

Parents should send their kids to Coach K not LaVar Ball

first_imgParents should send their kids to Coach K, not LaVar BallLaVar Ball announced that he is forming a new basketball league that is designed for players who want to get paid to play instead of going the one-and-done route in college.Colin thinks any player who opts to join the league is going to regret it, and pointed out that many of the biggest current stars in the NBA, including the entire core group of the Warriors title teams, played multiple years in college.How are any 18-year-olds going to develop better in what’s sure to be the circus atmosphere of LaVar’s league? They’re not. For Colin, sending your kid to Coach K is always a better bet than sending them to LaVar Ball. Belichick gave Jimmy G away to get back at Kraft for forcing him to stick with Brady.                    Bill Belichick never gets the bad end of a deal, which is why so many were shocked when the news broke that he shipped Jimmy Garoppolo to San Francisco for nothing more than a 2nd round pick. Colin thinks he knows why, and it all stems from Belichick’s resentment over being forced to stick with 40+ Tom Brady, reportedly by directive of owner Robert Kraft.Colin explained that he believes Belichick wanted to keep Garoppolo and deal Brady, as he’s done with almost every other aging Patriot star, and when he was overruled by Kraft, he let Garoppolo go for next to nothing out of spite for being forced to trade away the future and fly blind with an aging Brady.Guests:John Lynch – 49ers GM joins the show to discuss dealing for Jimmy Garoppolo; why the deal was a no brainer; and how he plans to improve the team in the offseason.Doug Gottlieb – FS1 Analyst and host of The Doug Gottlieb Show is in-studio to explain why the Big Baller League will be a bust.Greg Cosell – NFL Films Senior Producer joins the show to explain how the addition of Ezekiel Elliott changes the Cowboys’ philosophy; and why Case Keenum has been successful.Greg Jennings – FS1 Analyst and former NFL wide receiver is in-studio explaining why Aaron Rodgers won’t force the Packers hand by threatening to go elsewhere, as Colin suggests.last_img read more